Questions and Answer (Q&A)

  1. The most significant policy debates and interventions Indigenous media and culture

It is evident that the governments of Canada and other nations across the globe have played a huge part in changing the media landscape, and giving the media a platform to express, publish, and share with the masses on the global and national happenings. Through the policies, the government can provide the media with an environment for conveying and for performing its broadcasting tasks to the masses. In Canada, for example, the government, through its agencies such as CRTC (Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission and National Film Board. They have the task of ensuring that the media in Canada is c regulated with regards to what is posted and what is shared to the citizens. Through such boards, programs that are not appropriate for a specific group of people, among other issues involving the media are maned. The TRC regulates the flow of information, whereas the CBC is mandated with matters of public broadcasting. The government also controls what the mainstream media posts thorough the issuance of license fees and other guidelines in the country.

The country also has the National Film Board and the Telefilm Canada, which all work with the government in drafting regulations to the media concerning the films that area showcased on both online and mainstream media, to ensure that only responsible and permissible content is shared through these channels. Another body that works as a part of the government or agencies that are critical in regulating the laws for the media and ensuring that the Canadian culture is sustained include the council for


Through such agencies, the Canadian government has managed to enact policies on factors such as maintenance of the Canadian Culture. It has also ensured that the citizens learn and preservation of Canadian traditions, mostly in the course of using the media. The Canadian government has imposed numerous acts through the legislature, where it seeks to shape the media landscape in Canada. Examples of acts that have in the past been enacted by the Canadian government includes The Canadian Multiculturalism Act (1988) and the Broadcasting Act (1991), which all involved issue related to the media and culture. The country has broadcasting policies with the aim of preserving the indigenous media and culture in Canada.

The reason for regulating the media is because it is one of the best platforms that could be used to shape the people of a nation, and could shape a given culture that will either be beneficial to the country or hurt its wellbeing. The government seeks to protect the Canadian Culture, which is under a high threat of getting assimilated into the US culture and hence set several policies and acts that would protect its indigenous cultures. The government also encourages the use of media for education on the issue of religion. It believes that through the use of media, then the citizens can be continuously reminded of their cultures and why they ought to be proud of who they are and where they come from.

Over the years, the Canadian government has set up commissions that would help in addressing this issue and give the best recommendations on how to protect the indigenous culture of the Canadians. Some of these commissions include The Aird Commission (1929) and The MasseyLévesque Commission (1949-51). However, before of enactment of any polices, the Canadian government ensures to involve the public through public consultations as a way of acquiring ideas and recommendations on how to maintain the culture of the country and ensure that some o external cultures do not erode it.


  1. How constructivist approaches understand the technology ?

There are various perspectives of technology, which include instrumentalism, technological determinism, substantivism, critical theory of technology, constructivism. Constructivism concepts blend beautifully with the technological affordances, wherefrom the perspective of an individual or a community, technology is seen to be very vital in that it connects people through communities who would have been otherwise unavailable or unreachable if the technology was out of touch.

The approach works well with the technology in that it allows and supports collaboration and interactions. It has enabled the world to become a global village and enhanced, more communication and relationship between people and nations across the globe. The term constructivism means technologically or socially constructivism; hence can be a term that can easily explain the impacts of technology on the world and the people living in it.  The approach tends to indicate that society and technology are interconnected, where society requires technology in various aspects, more so in the contemporary world. The concepts tend to insinuate that the scientists who are mostly into matters such as technology are the social activists and, at the same time, scientists, where they use technology in various aspects of their lives.

The constructivist approaches can be used to explain the influence of technology on labor. The new media and technology changes have enhanced the speed of delivery of various jobs, where it has increased the rate of invention, innovations, and new ideologies. The new technology has also led to a faster job process where automation of some of the tasks, has ensured that humans do not get as fatigued and hence have more productivity for a given company. Tech entrepreneurs have also emerged, where there have been numerous myths surrounding the issues of techno-preneurs, mostly concerning technology acting as a competition to human labor rather than a compliment. They have also been many social and policy implications of technological change across the globe. This is due to efficiency, the speed, and the accuracy which the new technology has brought to the labor market. It makes it relatively easier in the present day to undertake more tasks with little energy as compared to the apt when there was no enhanced technology. As a result of the impact of technology on labor, there have been policies in place to regulate the use of technology and also to ensure that firms and individuals take advantage of theirs new technology to have more efficient results at their divergent works.

Another impact of technology is on the rise of intelligent machines, smart technologies, and the internet of things. Many firms and persons in modern technology are adopting the use of these technological advancements, in most of their works, where automation of each aspect has been introduced. As much as they bring benefits to the livelihoods, there have been debates mostly associated with these technologies, such as loss of jobs to people and the argument that they bring about laziness to people.

  1. What do you see as the most important media-related issue or problem in Canada or the world today?

A major media-related problem in Canada is the constant popularity of modern technology, making it hard to regulate what people get to see, post, or hear. Through

the advanced technology, there have been algorithms of oppression and the politics of search. Through search, there has been Decontextualizing content that is left unmonitored. Another issue is the fact that Google search is biased, where there may be issues with page ranks. Through the advancement of technology, there has been an increase in cases of online bullying, racism, and sexism, among many other harmful acts. There has also been the automation of social inequalities, with situations such as anti-semitism, a history of bias, and anti-black racism, among many other actions. YouTube, for example, has been blamed continuously for discrimination against the LGBTQ content and people, which is outright discrimination against people of various diversities. Other media-related issues in Canada include hate speech or fake news on online platforms where these social platforms are the most popular and reach a high number of citizens.

The major challenge associated with the online reading can be tackled by first having well laid out policies and regulations for people to be keen on what they post or comment and for the administrators of the social platform to keep up with. The government also ought to undertake constant campaigns, where it would emphasize the and for positively nad constructively using the online platforms to avoid hate, discrimination, or any activity that may be emotionally or socially harmful to the other party.


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