Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The behaviorist model does NOT include which of the following concepts?

Select one:

  1. Punishment
  2. Reinforcement
  3. Stimulus
  4. Insight

 

  1. According to Freud, the primitive psychic force that represents basic needs and drives, and upon which other personality factors are built, is called the

Select one:

  1. Preconscious
  2. Ego
  3. Id
  4. Conscious

 

  1. A child’s temperament is learned by watching his or her parents’ way of responding.

Select one:

True

False

 

  1. A child who gets overwhelmed easily is only trying to manipulate his or her parents.

Select one:

True

False

 

  1. Boundaries are a concept used in systems theory. Select the example that does NOT describe the concept of boundaries as used within systems theory.

Select one:

  1. The limits regarding how much an infant should be fed between meals in order to stay healthy
  2. The definition of roles within an organization regarding who is to do what jobs
  3. Physically, your skin provides a boundary between you as an independent, living system and the external environment
  4. Characteristics of people that define who is in a group and who is not

 

  1. Early caregiving stimulates brain development.

Select one:

True

False

 

  1. All of the below are developmental achievements that a 6-month old should be able to do, EXCEPT

Select one:

  1. Able to follow objects with his or her eyes
  2. Able to show a preference for people over objects
  3. Able to stand while holding on
  4. Able to roll over
  5. Enjoy gross motor activities such as running and kicking balls

 

  1. The theorist who developed a model of the mind’s psychic structure is

Select one:

  1. John Bowlby
  2. Jean Piaget
  3. Erik Erikson
  4. Sigmund Freud

 

  1. Child development is affected by micro, mezzo, and macro factors. An example of a macro factor that can affect child development is

Select one:

  1. The parent’s divorce
  2. The baby’s health at birth
  3. The mother’s work schedule
  4. Racism

 

  1. John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth developed attachment theory. They described four types of attachment classifications that can be observed in young children. Which of the following is NOT one of these four classifications?

Select one:

  1. insecure-disorganized attachment
  2. Secure attachment
  3. Insecure-avoidant attachment
  4. Insecure-oppositional attachment

 

  1. The wordless dialogue that occurs in infancy is only relevant for deaf children who need to communicate without words

Select one:

True

False

 

  1. Which of the following statements is false regarding brain development?

Select one:

  1. A child’s brain growth occurs most rapidly at age 6, when he or she begins school.
  2. Brain development is most important during the first two years of life.
  3. Parent/child caregiving experiences influence the wiring of the neurons in the brain.
  4. Positive parent/infant interactions affect the development of the child’s brain.

 

  1. Which of the following is NOT true? The early attachment relationship

Select one:

  1. Promotes the child’s capacity to make sense of his or her feelings and communicate these feelings with others
  2. Serves as a base for exploration
  3. Helps the child regulate his or her emotions and frustrations
  4. Is responsible for the young child’s fine motor development

 

  1. The definition of the “working model” is the

Select one:

  1. Positive effects of having had a role model of a working parent
  2. Child’s resolution of ego and super-ego conflicts
  3. Child’s mental internalization of his or her primary caregiver’s responsiveness or lack of responsiveness to the child’s needs
  4. Child’s reaction to the mother’s absence due to her work schedule

 

  1. Select which statement does NOT refer to the definition of “object constancy.”

Select one:

  1. A developmental milestone that Margaret Mahler’s theory describes as occurring from age 2 through adulthood.
  2. An ability to remember that people or objects are consistent, trustworthy, and reliable, especially when they are out of your immediate field of vision.
  3. The ability to understand that some things or people remain constant, even when we can’t see them or verify that they are “still there.”
  4. A spiritual belief that young children learn from their parents.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Winning a large lottery would be considered which kind of stressful life event?

Select one:

  1. Challenge
  2. Internal emotional resource
  3. Loss
  4. Threat

 

  1. Which of the following would be a coping mechanism?

Select one:

  1. Losing one’s job
  2. Getting a very large job promotion
  3. Taking tangible aid from a social service agency
  4. Expressing positive and negative emotions

 

  1. A good example of tangible social support would be

Select one:

  1. Being able to express positive and negative emotions
  2. Going to see a therapist
  3. Receiving food from a social service agency
  4. Being taught a job skill by a social service agency

 

  1. It is clear that one needs to see resilience as a phenomenon that is situated within a childhood set of experiences.

Select one:

True

False

 

  1. Secure attachment is an important factor in predicting resilience in children.

Select one:

True

False

 

  1. Which of the following is illustrative of a macro risk factor that can be disruptive to a child’s resilience?

Select one:

  1. Witnessing parental violence
  2. Insecure attachment
  3. Slow-to-warm-up temperament
  4. Structural racism

 

  1. Optimism can best be thought of as

Select one:

  1. An example of internal resources that can protect one
  2. An adaptive coping mechanism
  3. An illustration of cognitive social support
  4. Part of one’s social network

 

  1. Resilience can best be understood by looking at the relative relationship of promotive and risk factors that the child encounters within his or her immediate family.

Select one:

True

False

 

  1. Adolescence is best understood as a

Select one:

  1. Reproductive imperative
  2. Myth
  3. Cultural concept
  4. Biological event\

 

  1. Sex characteristics that are tied directly to sex organs and reproduction are known as

Select one:

  1. Secondary
  2. Gonadal
  3. Primary
  4. Genital

 

  1. Individuals who fall into Marcia’s _______ phase don’t experience an identity crisis; they glide into adulthood without experiencing much turbulence or anxiety.

Select one:

  1. morotorium
  2. foreclosure
  3. role diffusion
  4. identity achievement

 

  1. In the ___________ stage of Kohlberg’s model of moral development, rules are obeyed in order to receive rewards and, often, favors are exchanged.

Select one:

  1. conformity
  2. social justice
  3. brute authority
  4. reciprocity

 

  1. Kohlberg’s theory of moral development describes ____ levels.

Select one:

  1. three
  2. four
  3. two
  4. six

 

  1. Sex refers to the social and psychological characteristics associated with being female or male.

Select one:

True

False

 

  1. The social construction of gender examines the structure of the gendered social order as a whole and the processes that construct and maintain it.

Select one:

True

False

 

  1. The term intersexdescribes a person born with fully formed ovaries and fully formed testes.

Select one:

True

False

 

  1. The maturation of the brain takes place until one is 35 and leads to more impulsive behavior in women.

Select one:

True

False

 

  1. Erikson hypothesized that individuals go through a set of stages tied to

Select one:

  1. Genital libido stages
  2. Psychosocial stages
  3. Psychosexual stages
  4. Insecure attachment stages

 

  1. Kohlberg argued that moral decision-making occurred in children between the ages of 4 and 7.

Select one:

True

False

 

  1. Transgender refers to the situation where the body is at odds with one’s sense of identity, whereas cisgender refers to the situation where one’s body and sense of self are unified.

Select one:

True

False

 

  1. The sense that one feels different from others in late childhood and is the basis for later awareness of one’s same sex attraction is

Select one:

  1. Identity tolerance
  2. Identity confusion
  3. Psychosocial identity
  4. Identity pride

 

  1. Sexual orientation refers to the subjective feeling of one’s internal sense of gender.

Select one:

True

False

 

  1. Gilligan criticized the Kohlberg model of moral development by saying that women would be rated at a lower stage of moral development than men due to their “caring perspective.”

Select one:

True

False

 

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